Taken by a Buffalo Evening News photographer on January 18, 1940, the tug Martha Stewart plows through the nearly frozen Buffalo Harbor at the Niagara River.
Ferry service between the Buffalo and Fort Erie banks of the Niagara River dates back to 1796. Many settlers crossed into Canada from Buffalo via ferry.
To meet wartime demands for pilot training, the SS Greater Buffalo was one of two Great Lakes cruise ships converted to aircraft carriers on the Inland Seas.
After years of review and discussion, the city began to demolish much of the Canal District in the late 1930's and displacing hundreds from their substandard housing.
An aerial view of "Elevator Alley" from the 1970's. Ohio Street is visible running from left to right near the bottom of the photo.
By the mid-1800s, shipping businesses were looking for additional access points to the Buffalo Harbor. Once completed, the City Ship Canal was immediately successful.