Crusading reporter A.J. Smitherman founded one of Buffalo's first African-American newspapers and fought for equality, both in Oklahoma and right here in Western New York.
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The Rev. J. Edward Nash House stands today as one of the few remaining landmarks of Buffalo's twentieth century significance in local and national history across racial lines. It was from this house that Rev. Nash, early in the twentieth century, led and helped to orchestrate some of the foremost civil rights causes of Buffalo and the nation.
The Board of Women Directors at the Pan Am used their power and social standing to overtly claim public space for women and challenge traditional Victorian gender norms.